When in Rome: William Waldorf Astor and his European Obsessions
William Waldorf Astor (1848–1919) ranked among the elite of America’s Gilded Age. Yet this titan of finance famously abandoned the United States to make his home in England in 1890. While he was the U.S. minister in Rome, he had immersed himself in European culture. Buying Cliveden in 1893, he created a splendid house museum filled with some of the finest examples of European Art. Through this lens, we look at the man and his collection.